In the article entitled “New Health Care Model Launches in Nigeria to Improve Women and Children’s Health,” The World Bank discusses an idea that will change the health care industry and protect the people of Nigeria’s lives. This is made possible from the investment through Saving One Million Lives, also known as SOML, which is government led (New Health, 2016). SOML is a ‘cheetah’ in Nigeria. As stated in my previous blog post, cheetahs are men and women, most young, well educated, energetic, and objective. They stand apart because of their drive and desire to replace the old Africa and focus on ‘uniquely Africa’. The new investment is said to improve maternal, child, and nutritional health services for women and children throughout Nigeria. The article explains, “each of Nigeria’s 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory has received $1.5 million apiece” in order to make these improvements (New Health, 2016). With the advancement happening in Nigeria, there is a need for support. The article clarifies that “The World Bank will use the Program for Results (PforR) instrument to encourage greater focus on results, increase accountability, improve measurements, strengthen management, and foster innovation” (New Health, 2016).
The recovery is to be implemented in the next four years. Nigeria is high in global maternal mortality, sitting at about 14 percent. The article explains that there are “about 900,000 women and children dying each year, largely from preventable causes” (New Health, 2016). Nigeria is in need of major improvements and they are taking steps in the right direction. The SOML program comprises “establishing a limited set of clear and measurable indicators by which to track success, strengthening data collection so that these indicators can be measured more frequently and more robustly, [and] fostering innovations that increase the focus on results and include greater openness to working with the private sector” (New Health, 2016). I am in hope that SOML will improve the health and wellness of many people in Nigeria and the organization will continue to act as ‘cheetahs’ to the country.
In Steven Radelet’s book “Emerging Africa,” he explains that Africa has gone through dramatic changes in government going from no democracies to nearly half the continent under democratic rule. He goes onto explain how unusual it is that such low-income countries have become democratic in such short time. Nigeria’s previous dictator, Sani Abacha, died in 1998 which “led to the election of Olusegun Obasanjo the following year and launched Nigeria’s fragile and incomplete move toward democracy” (Radelet, 2017). More importantly, Radelet focuses on what defines a democracy. He clarifies that “Democracy requires the protection of basic civil liberties and human rights; the establishment of public institutions that are accountable to their citizens and that limit the power of their leaders; and then recognition of rights of freedom of expression, assembly, and the press, among other dimensions” (Radelet, 2017). These changes take time, and nothing happens overnight. To measure a democracies ranking, we must look at the World Bank Institute’s Worldwide Governance Indicators. This shows six indicators of governance: political stability and nonviolence, rule of law, voice and accountability, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, and control of corruption. When looking at Nigeria’s ranking, I found they had a score of 48, meaning they’re partly free (100 is best). Nigeria has political rights of 4, civil liberties of 5, and freedom rating of 4.5, where 1 is the most free and 7 is the least free.
A book on poverty, entitled “Poor Economics,” by Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo discusses education. The authors explains that “if parental income plays such a vital role in determining educational investment, rich children will get more education even if they are not particularly talented, and talented poor children may be deprived of an education” (Banerjee, 2011). This statement reflects the way that Nigeria’s education works. Nigeria’s education is advantageous to the wealthier people who have more chance of getting a real job. They go from primary education, to middle education, to secondary education, to vocational education, and lastly tertiary education. Teachers in Nigeria are often undereducated and are not prepared for the education they need to provide to children, and schools may run out of allocated funds. This is not ideal for Nigeria, but although many do not get the education they deserve and need, a lot still do.
Banerjee, A. V., & Duflo, E. (2011). Poor economics: a radical rethinking of the way to fight global poverty. New York: PublicAffairs
Education System in Nigeria. (n.d.). Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://www.classbase.com/countries/Nigeria/Education-System
Freedom in the World 2016. (n.d.). Retrieved February 13, 2017, from https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2016
New Health Care Model Launches in Nigeria to Improve Women and Children’s Health. (2016). Retrieved February 13, 2017, from http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2016/09/23/new-health-care-model-launches-in-nigeria-to-improve-women-and-childrens-health
Radelet, S. (n.d.). Emerging Africa- How 17 Countries are Leading the Way.